How to form simple sentences in Esperanto

How to form simple sentences in Esperanto

You want to learn how to form simple sentences in Esperanto? You've come to the right place! Scroll down and see the short Esperanto lessons complete with useful examples. The house is big, the book is old... we make forming simple Esperanto sentences easy.

Simple Esperanto sentences

In a typical sentence in Esperanto which uses the verb 'to be', the verb is placed between the subject and the attribute as in English. The verb 'to be' is 'estas' in both the singular and the plural.


La virino estas juna.
The woman is young.
La virino malĝojas.
The woman is sad.
La virino estas maljuna.
The woman is old.
La virino estas bela.
The woman is beautiful.
La virino estas feliĉa.
The woman is happy.
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About Esperanto

About Esperanto

Esperanto is estimated to be spoken as a learned language by somewhere between 100,000 and a million people worldwide. If you are planning on doing some travelling, learning Esperanto would be a great way to make the most of your trip.

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Basic words and phrases in Esperanto

Learn to get by in Esperanto with these useful words and phrases. The phrases below will help you to greet people in Esperanto, introduce yourself in Esperanto and even hold a conversation in Esperanto after you have met someone.

Ĉio en ordo?
Everything okay ?
Kiel vi fartas ?
How are you doing ?
Hello !
Ĉu vi estas bone ?
Are you okay ?
Basic words and phrases in Esperanto
Bonan vesperon!
More Esperanto words
TeachMe! Esperanto

TeachMe! Esperanto

Learn Esperanto the easy, fun and fast way. Whether you're a complete beginner or you already know a few phrases in Esperanto, you'll be amazed at just how quickly you learn!

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You can learn Esperanto in just 9 easy steps.

If you want to go from beginner to fluent in Esperanto in a reasonable amount of time, you'll need a proven study method and daily dedication. Our nine-step Esperanto learning guide will show you how to teach yourself Esperanto in a structured,effective way. The steps below will take you through the progression of skills needed to learn to speak, read and understand Esperanto.

Step 10 : Simple sentences in Esperanto

You've already learned so much in steps 1 to 9 and we'd like to help you learn even more with this bonus step. Learn the phrases Ĉi tio estas libro, Ĉi tio estas seĝo and Ĉi tio estas pordo (This is a book, This is a chair, This is a door). Then learn the phrases La pordo estas granda and La pordo estas malgranda (The door is big, The door is small). And then learn the phrases La pordoj estas grandaj and La pordoj estas malgrandaj (The doors are big, The doors are small). You can scroll to the top of this page to see a short lesson about simple Esperanto sentences including useful examples. Take everything you have learned so far and then teach yourself just a few new words each week. In this way, you'll soon be able to say 100's, if not 1000's of short phrases in Esperanto. Give it a try yourself!

On the Road! Esperanto

On the Road! Esperanto

Make the most of your trip to work by learning Esperanto words and phrases on the way. With this audio CD, you'll learn 1000's of Esperanto words & phrases in a very short time. The voice is in both Esperanto and English. Just listen, absorb and enjoy! We are one of the few companies in the world offering a learn Esperanto audio cd. If you have a CD player at home or in your car, this is the Esperanto course for you.

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